Month: February 2019

Calling for a change in STEM culture to retain underrepresented students

image via Pixabay, CCBY Creative Commons It is widely acknowledged that women and people of color are underrepresented across many STEM fields in the United States. The Roots of STEM project set out to understand this underrepresentation. We began by interviewing over 300 self-selected female and male college seniors from diverse racial backgrounds who either majored in STEM (majors), started out in a STEM major but later switched to a non-STEM major (leavers), or considered a STEM major but decided against it. The interviews included questions related to STEM course instruction, professor care, and sense of belonging (among many...

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Introducing Advances in Aerodynamics

© forkART Photography / Fotolia The blog post has been cross-posted from the SpringerOpen blog. Aerodynamics is the study of motion of air, particularly about the interaction between air and solid body, such as flow around an aircraft. Its study is closely related to the theoretical advances in fluid dynamics and gas dynamics. Traditional aerodynamics is about the study of flow field around objects of various shapes, evaluates the lift and drag, and models the wave interactions around a complex geometry for the external and internal flows. In recent decades, the research in aerodynamics has progressed into a new era. Interdisciplinary subjects...

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Four things I learned from an individual with fibrous dysplasia

“I will never remember all of this”. I am certain every medical student has often had this thought due to the sheer volume of information we are presented with. When it comes to rare diseases, things get even harder; there are currently 6,000-8,000 known rare conditions and each condition affects less than 1 in 2,000 patients. This makes the likelihood of ever coming across many of these conditions extremely low. However, rare diseases collectively affect 1 in 17 people meaning that as future clinicians we need to consider how we can provide high quality care to patients with diseases...

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‘When a mother flees from her newborn’ – comparing Harlequin Ichthyosis cases in Nigeria and the United Kingdom.

2D sonography is a standard routine scan on the NHS but 3D or 4D ultrasound scanning would usually incur an extra cost. In a developing nation like Nigeria, there is an acute lack of specialized equipment required for pre-natal diagnosis of a rare disease like Harlequin Ichthyosis. © Dario Lo Presti / Getty Images / iStock Harlequin Ichthyosis is a severe autosomal recessive congenital disease that is caused by a mutation in the ABCA12 gene. Neonates often present with distinctive physical traits such as cracked plates of thickened skin and irregular facial features. It is a rare disease and the...

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What can future doctors learn from patients with rare diseases?

Blood tests to check the patient’s immune system lead to the eventual diagnosis © YakobchukOlena / As a junior doctor and student on a Masters in Public Health course, I find that I am still learning every day from all sources, including patients (or perhaps especially from patients). Most patients I see are listened to, diagnosed, and treated as they make their way out of my room and inner psyche… but not this one. This patient has drastically altered my own understanding of patient health beliefs/illness-models. A 20 year old patient attended my morning clinic with a chest...

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