Month: April 2019

Q&A with Professor Kathryn Roeder

This year’s International Society for Autism Research (INSAR) Annual Meeting is being held between 1st and 4th May. The meeting will be opened with a keynote address, ‘De novo Variation in Coding and Noncoding Regions: What We Can Learn from the Data About Etiological Pathways’ from Professor Kathryn Roeder. Professor Roeder is Vice Provost for Faculty and Professor of Statistics and Computational Biology at Carnegie Mellon University. In addition to being the recipient of the 2013 Janet L. Norwood Award, and both the 1997 COPPS Snedecor and Presidents’ Award, she has published over 275 papers to date. Professor Kathryn...

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The effects of external-cause-of-injury coding system transition on injury hospitalization trends – Winner of the Jess Kraus Award

© VILevi / Getty Images / iStock Editor in Chief, Guohua Li: Could you please tell us a bit about your study and what motivated you to do this research?   Svetla Slavova – Winner of the Jess Kraus Award Svetla Slavova: Injury morbidity surveillance and epidemiology are based heavily on administrative billing data. External-cause-of-injury codes listed on claims records are used to describe an injury by mechanism and intent but are not required codes for billing reimbursement. On October 1, 2015, the billing coding in the U.S. switched from one coding system, ICD-9-CM, to a considerably different coding system,...

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Why do women still resort to informal sector abortions in countries where abortion is legal?

What is the problem with informal sector abortions? Despite abortion being legal in many countries, women in both high- and low-income countries commonly seek to terminate unwanted pregnancies outside of the formal healthcare system. Informal sector abortions (ISAs) are not inherently unsafe, particularly when performed by a skilled healthcare provider using safe drugs. However, when clinical guidelines are not followed, the procedure carries a high risk of complications such as hemorrhage, renal failure, infertility, trauma to internal organs, and, in some cases, death. As a result, ISAs are an important contributor to the global burden of maternal mortality and...

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Prevalence of post-treatment Lyme disease in the United States — what can we expect?

The incidence of Lyme disease, caused by tick-borne Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria, has now reached epidemic proportions in the US. There are an estimated 400,000 cases per year, with numbers rising due to climate change and habitat expansion of the tick vector. Early symptoms include skin rash, fever, and joint pain. With timely diagnosis and antibiotic treatment, most patients recover. However, treatment fails in at least 10-20% of patients, who develop persistent symptoms including chronic pain, cognitive dysfunction, and debilitating fatigue. This is known as post-treatment Lyme disease (PTLD). These symptoms are often severe, frequently leading to profound personal, educational,...

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Are mental health nurses ready for the challenge of physical healthcare?

What’s the problem? People are increasingly aware of what it means to face a mental health crisis, or to live with an ongoing mental health problem. However, it is less widely known that rates of physical illness among people with long-term mental health conditions are among the highest of any group in society. It may shock you to learn that according to World Health Organization figures, the lifespan of a person with severe mental health problems is as much as 20 years shorter than that of someone without. This morbidity can mostly be accounted for by physical health conditions...

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