Author: vulgavis

Highlighting the vulnerability of infant children of women prisoners in Australia

Women prisoners are recognised as a vulnerable population who experience multiple and complex disadvantage. The range of adversity experienced by women prisoners includes child abuse and neglect, domestic violence, mental illness, alcohol and substance use disorders, unemployment, and homelessness. Exposure to such adversity in pregnancy and early life can have significant impacts on a child’s development and future health and wellbeing. Despite the potential vulnerability of infant children of women prisoners, in Australia there is no routine collection or reporting of the number of children affected or their characteristics. This basic information is vital to understand their needs and...

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A changing climate for the health community

Climate change was once considered a marginal issue for the health community and, for some, a distraction from core priorities such as the control of malaria. In 2007, Margaret Chan, the World Health Organization’s (WHO) director-general at the time, brought climate change to the top of her policy agenda with a major speech at the US National Institutes of Health (NIH). The following year, ministers of health attending the WHO General Assembly echoed her concerns and passed a resolution (WHA61.19) urging member states to:  “Build the capacity of public health leaders to be proactive in providing technical guidance on...

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World Alzheimer’s Day: Every 3 seconds someone in the world develops dementia

The number of people who develop dementia increases every three seconds. © wildpixel / Getty Images / iStock Today marks the 7thWorld Alzheimer’s Month – the global campaign to raise dementia awareness and challenge stigma. This year, we wanted to emphasize the sheer scale of the global health epidemic that is dementia, as well as the fact that behind the 50 million people living with dementia globally, there is a voice, a story, and family and friends who are also affected. The number of people who develop dementia chillingly increases every three seconds. Therefore, the slogan for this year’s...

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Exposure to nanoparticles can activate herpesvirus viruses in the lungs – Winner of the Particle and Fibre Toxicology Best Paper Award 2018

Herpes simplex virus (CDC/ Dr. Fred Murphy; Sylvia Whitfield) Your paper ‘Nanoparticle exposure reactivates latent herpesvirus and restores a signature of acute infection’ has been voted as the winner of the 2018 Particle and Fibre Toxicology best paper award – congratulations! Can you briefly explain what your study is about? Both inhalation of environmental nanoparticles and persistent herpesvirus-infection have been implicated to contribute to the development of chronic lung disease. Based on this, we hypothesized that the combination of nanoparticle exposure and virus infection leads to a different outcome than exposure to each factor alone. To evade the immune...

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Follow or borrow? Is the UK NHS the best model for other countries to achieve universal health coverage?

© Dominic Lipinski / PA Wire / empics / picture alliance The global movement around universal health coverage (UHC) has gathered momentum at blistering speed. Within a few years it has transformed the focus of healthcare in many low and middle income countries from single disease strategies towards a vision of comprehensive, affordable and acceptable care for all. This ambition has energized many governments to put forward bold strategies and big investments to make it happen. Amidst the infinite choices of who, what and how to cover their citizens, a wide variety of UHC models are being developed: Zambia...

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