Author: vulgavis

How do you solve a problem in palaeoproteomics?

The authors ran standard and error-tolerant searches of the proteomes of modern human samples against those of chimpanzees and Sumatran orang-utan. © Andyworks / Getty Images / iStock Palaeoproteomics – Exciting new frontiers Palaeoproteomics is the new-kid-on-the-block in archaeological science and evolutionary biology. Standards of practice have only recently been set out for this burgeoning field of investigation, used recently to study ancient humans, animals, and even dinosaurs (though this is somewhat disputed). Ancient protein sequences are incredibly robust compared to ancient DNA, with proteins recently retrieved from samples as old as 3.8 million years. Bioinformatics techniques Single amino acid...

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Medical imaging is lifting the lid on ancient Egyptian canopic jars

Ancient Egyptian canopic jars on display in the Egyptian collection of the Archaeological Museum in Zagreb, Croatia. Image taken from article. This blog has been crossposted from the SpringerOpen blog. The Canopic Jar Project, funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation, is the first in the world to investigate a large series of ancient Egyptian canopic jars from European and American museum collections in a truly interdisciplinary research environment. The inventive focus on the contents of canopic jars produces results unobtainable by conventional ancient mummy research methods. The project involves macroscopic, radiological, chemical, and paleogenetic studies of ancient Egyptian...

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Controlling epidemics using mobile phone data

This blog was crossposted form the SpingerOpen blog. Epidemics represent an important healthcare challenge worldwide. In a world that is so densely populated and more interconnected than ever, it makes increasingly easier for pathogens to propagate. Approaches that can rapidly target subpopulations for surveillance and control are critical for enhancing containment and mitigation processes. The key to effectively control epidemics is understanding their dynamics and anticipating the possible implications The key to effectively control epidemics is understanding their dynamics and anticipating the possible implications. However, modeling the inherent complexity of disease spread process represents an ever-evolving challenge, requiring continuing...

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Mapping the future of spinal cord injury rehabilitation

Conducting research in the area of neurorehabilitation has never been more exciting. Over the past few decades, the field has transformed from a discipline largely focused on helping those with neurological damage learn to compensate for their lost function, to one focused on neuroplasticity and recovery of function. This transformation resulted from research demonstrating that the nervous system can change and re-organize in response to a variety of triggers, such as disease and exercise. Nowhere has this transformation from compensation to recovery been more apparent than in the rehabilitation of those with spinal cord injury (SCI). We recently completed...

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Research into wellness for refugees (and the rest of us)

This blog was crossposted from SpringerOpen blog In step with the UN’s solidarity theme, the investigative focus of the papers below extends to the wellbeing of other people in humanitarian crises, as well as the aid workers who may walk alongside displaced people and who face a constellation of complex issues. Here are synopses of several important papers with links to full texts, always free to read. Palliative care amid crisis Ten authors joined forces to augment our understanding of a topic that’s vastly important, though often difficult to think about. First comes a systematic review of the literature...

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