Author: vulgavis

Visualising cattle movement in Ireland

Trade is an integral part of the cattle industry in Ireland. It is driven by seasonal supply and demand relating to farm enterprise type and market prices. More than half of this trade is through markets, the remainder being direct farm-to-farm sales, some of which are now mediated through online dealers. All movements of cattle in Ireland are recorded by the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine and are represented in publicly available annual summary statistics. Whilst these reports present national breakdown summaries of all movements, they don’t convey the spatiotemporal patterns and localised intensities of the actual...

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Precision Mapping-Tackling a major obstacle on the road towards the elimination of schistosomiasis

Schistosomiasis transmission site credit: Anouk Gouvras Background on Schistosomiasis Schistosomiasis also known as bilharzia is a parasitic disease caused by worms. Infection usually occurs when individuals are exposed to infested water. Thus, high levels of schistosomiasis infections occur where there is a high interaction between people, worms and water. It can therefore be said that schistosomiasis is a focal disease. Life cycle of S. mansoni. Copyright Trustees of the Natural History Museum Once the larval form of schistosomiasis has entered the blood it matures into an adult schistosome. As is for most cases in parasitic diseases, it is the...

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Backstory Podcast: Dr. Madhukar Pai discusses the UN High Level Meeting to End TB

© bobiwankanobi / Getty Images / iStock To mark the historic first United Nations High Level Meeting to End TB on September 26th, 2018, BMC Medicine introduces our new podcast series, Backstory. Through the voices and stories of authors, experts, policymakers, and advocates, Backstory will help you better understand and put into context the latest research and news that impact human health and disease. In our first Backstory, we talk with Dr. Madhukar Pai from the McGill International TB Centre about the global TB epidemic and what he’ll be paying attention to on September 26th at the UN High...

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Using wireless motion sensors to improve movement control of the lower back

Have you ever had low back pain? If not, you probably know someone who has. About 80% of the population will experience at least one episode of low back pain in their life. Although in most cases the problem is resolved within a few weeks, pain flare-ups are common and some people will develop chronic low back pain (i.e. when the pain persists for more than 3 months). Chronic low back pain is a heterogeneous condition. For some people, mainly psychosocial factors (e.g. fear of movement) contribute to the persistence of their back pain. For others, physical factors (where...

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